Table of Contents

  1. What are abacus and mental arithmetic? .................................................... 3

  2. Why learn abacus and mental arithmetic? .................................................. 5

  3. Complimentary functions of abacus and mental arithmetic ........................ 7

  4. What is the best time to learn abacus? ......................................................... 9

  5. Why choose us? ......................................................................................... 11

  6. How to choose a good abacus? .................................................................. 13

  7. What is the abacus level classification? .................................................... 15

  8. What can parents do to help when learning abacus? ................................. 17

  9. The combination of abacus and elementary school math ......................... 19

  10. How long should a student learn abacus? ................................................. 21

  11. What are the verification exam and competitions? ................................... 23

  12. The purpose of finger-counting ................................................................ 25

  13. Mental arithmetic with viewing and reading ............................................ 27

  14. Multiplication and division ...................................................................... 29

  15. The state of abacus education around the world ...................................... 31

  16. Rules of the class and leave of absence ................................................... 33

  17. Five years learning progress summary ............................................... 35.37

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© 2017 by PAMA Global Abacus and Mental Arithmetic Association